Archaeological Mission of the University of Bologna and ISMEO in Iran Excavations of the Early Achaemenid monument of Tol-e Ajori (Persepolis)

Archaeological Mission of the University of Bologna and ISMEO in Iran  Excavations of the Early Achaemenid monument of Tol-e Ajori (Persepolis)

The joint Iranian-Italian archaeological mission toFarshas beenengaged since 2011 in the excavationof one of the most importantarchaeological survivals ofthe Achaemenid period, the Early Achaemenid monumental gate of Tol-e Ajori, located in the area of Bagh-e Firuzi, c.3.5 km west of the Persepolis terrace. The excavations are carried out in collaboration with the Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Islamic Republic of Iran, andShiraz University.

Theenormous interestaroused bythis singularmonument ispartlydue to its dating (on the basis of various archaeological and historical evidence) to an era prior to Darius I’sfoundation of the terrace (c.518 BC),  and alsoto the fact that it constitutesa larger-scale replicaof the Neo-Babylonian phase of Babylon’sIshtar gate, nowrebuilt in the Berlin Pergamon Museum:  they are similarin plan as well as in their decoration of flat and relief glazed bricks. The archaeological investigation extends to the gate’s entire topographical context – evidence of a royal architectural project in the Parsa area during the Early Achaemenid period, and is supplemented by archaeometric research conducted in collaboration with the University of Urbino “Carlo Bo” and Esfahan Art University.

Director: Pierfrancesco Callieri
Nation: Iran
Period: 2011 – in course
Pianta del sito proto-achemenide di Tol-e Ajori / Plan of the Early Achaemenid site of Tol-e Ajori.
Plan of the Early Achaemenid site of Tol-e Ajori.
Tol-e Ajori, Trincea 11, parete meridionale dell’ambiente interno con decorazione geometrica e floreale realizzata in mattoni invetriati / Tol-e Ajori, Trench 11, southern wall of the internal room with geometric and floral decoration made of glazed bricks.
Tol-e Ajori, Trench 11, southern wall of the internal room with geometric and floral decoration made of glazed bricks.
Mattone invetriato a rilievo da Tol-e Ajori, dettaglio della zampa posteriore di un mushkhusshu / Relief glazed brick from Tol-e Ajori, detail of the rear leg of a mushkhusshu.
Relief glazed brick from Tol-e Ajori, detail of the rear leg of a mushkhusshu.
Mattoni invetriati a rilievo da Tol-e Ajori inseriti nello schema grafico di uno dei pannelli decorativi della porta di Ishtar di Babilonia / Relief glazed bricks from Tol-e Ajori set in the graphic scheme of one of the decorative panels of the Ishtar gate of Babylon.
Relief glazed bricks from Tol-e Ajori set in a drawingof one of the decorative panels onthe Ishtar Gate of Babylon.
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