DARIOSH (Digital Achaemenid Royal Inscription Open Schema Hypertext) is an international research project dedicated to the study of the royal Achaemenid inscriptions (6th– 4th centuries BC) in ancient Persian, Elamite and Babylonian from an interlinguistic perspective. The project is based on Italian-Iranian cooperation between ISMEO (formerly IsIAO), University of Naples “L’Orientale” and the National Museum of Iran (Tehran), with the collaboration of other institutions including the University of Tuscia, Viterbo, the Parsa-Pasargade Foundation (Iran) and the Louvre Museum, Paris.
The main goal of DARIOSH is to prepare a new edition of the entire Achaemenid inscription corpus, currently available in non-homogeneous publications (some more than a century old), while hundreds of fragments are still unpublished and unclassified. By June 2016 DARIOSH had catalogued all the in situ inscriptions of Persepolis and the fragments preserved in the deposit of the National Museum of Iran (Tehran), the Museum of Persepolis and the Louvre.
Particular attention is paid to the characteristics of the material on which the inscriptions are carved, and to the production of a new high-resolution photographic documentation of them. Using the data collected, the drafting of palaeographic and lexical inventories of the individual languages with interlinguistic correspondences was started. All the project’s results will be utilizable by means of a digital platform that will allow continuous updating of the corpus and collaboration between scholars. DARIOSH is designed as an interdisciplinary research system which will benefit epigraphists, philologists, archaeologists and historians of the ancient world.
DARIOSH it was partially funded by 3 PRIN (Progetti di Rilevante Interesse Nazionale) programmes and has produced numerous detailed studies on text production and inscription translation strategies, as well as two volumes in the series DARIOSH Studies.